Doug Rosenberg’s transcriptions #8: Walter Smith III’s solo on “Cyclic Episode,” from Casually Introducing

 

walter pic

This improvised solo is the shortest of three recordings of the song by Walter Smith III. The other two are from “Live in Paris” and Eric Harland’s “Voyager Live by Night.” They are longer…
The original song is from Sam River’s Fuchsia Swing Song, a classic Blue Note album from 1964. The song itself is 16 bars long, with a key change every four beats. Minor chords in minor thirds is a very cool sound, and to “serialize” it was certainly a novel sound in 1964. Thanks Walter Smith for reviving this beautiful composition.
There are a few chords that serve a “dual purpose” in the form. Bars 5-8 could be interpreted as: Bm7b5 E7 F#mb5 B7 (in Bb), and the last chord could be thought of as G7#9#5.
With all the harmonic complexity and the very chunky nature of the changes, it is striking to hear Smith stretch over the bar line, while knowing EXACTLY where the form is. Take the beginning of the solo, in bars 26-33. This is a really pretty melody, displaced by one bar in the form.
In terms of vocabulary, Smith really varies things a lot. One motif that is used a lot is the #11 on dominant chords, in bars 38,71,72,87. Another recurring melodic theme is “enclosure,” which means surrounding a chord tone by chromatic neighbors: 41,69-73,77-78,84,86. There are cool ways of dealing with the symmetrical chords found here: 59-60,73-76,89-91. These sound fantastic because they are displaced and use a chromatic new note to sound fresh.

 Download: Walter Smith solo on Cyclic Episode from Introducing,Bb

Download: Walter Smith solo on Cyclic Episode from Introducing, C

Doug Rosenberg’s Transcriptions #7: Walter Smith III solo on “Stablemates”

 

walter smith still casual

To celebrate his brand-new CD, the next 5 solos will be from the horn of Walter Smith III. To my ears, he is one of the top saxophone players under the age of 40. Buy this CD now!

https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/still-casual/id899835367

This solo comes from a modern jazz standard, “Stablemates,” by Benny Golson. The record is simply called Live in Paris. The beginning overlaps with the trumpet solo for the last A section (14 bars). The song has an unusual form ABA of 14-8-14.

Walter’s playing is notable for athleticism, attention to harmony, and a very unique tone. There is a ton of interesting rhythmic playing, especially when he plays with the songs melody around measures 98-112. But the coolest part of the solo is the shredding of this harmonically tricky tune. Soooo much melodic invention!

If you like this music, you should buy it! I will not post youtube videos of living artists. Buy it from the website of the artist, or at a live show. Buy their music to give your family for the holidays.

walter-smith-iii-live-in-paris

Download: Walter Smith solo on Stablemates from III Bb

Download: Walter Smith solo on Stablemates from III C

 

Doug Rosenberg’s Transcriptions #6: Clifford Jordan solo on “Moon Rays”

clifford-jordanhorace silver further explorations

This solo is from a genre-defining Blue Note song by Horace Silver, called “Moon Rays.” Mr. Silver just passed away a few weeks ago, and now is a great time to celebrate his genius.
Clifford Jordan was an excellent saxophone player best known for his work with Charles Mingus, Max Roach, and Cedar Walton. Another notable album of his is called “Blowing in From Chicago,” with another Chicago tenorman John Gilmore. Jordan is notable for his great tone, definitely close to the Dexter Gordon/John Coltrane sound. In this solo, you can hear a very swinging, extremely behind-the-beat style.
The melodic language is very conservative and bebop-based. That means lots of arpeggios and use of particular licks. Clifford Jordan makes this material sound soooooo good!

 

DownloadClifford Jordan Moon Rays Bb

DownloadClifford Jordan Moon Rays C

Doug Rosenberg’s Transcriptions #5: Ben Wendel solo on “Capricornus” from Austin Peralta’s Endless Planets

Austin_Peralta

The next great saxophone player we will be investigating is Ben Wendel. He is one of the top saxophone artists today.

Grammy nominated saxophonist Ben Wendel was born in Vancouver, Canada and raised in Los Angeles. Currently living in Brooklyn, NY, he has enjoyed a varied career as performer, composer, producer and most recently, conductor.  Highlights
include multiple domestic and international tours with many artists including Cuban drumming legend Ignacio Berroa, Thelonious Monk Piano Competition Winner Tigran Hamasyan, hip-hop artist Snoop Dogg and the Artist formerly known as Prince. Ben is a founding member of the Grammy nominated group Kneebody, with their debut recording on Concord Records, The Line, released in September 2013.

As a composer he has received an ASCAP Jazz Composer Award, was a winner in the 2007 International Songwriting Competition, received the 2008 and 2011 Chamber Music America “New Works Grant” and most recently was awarded the Victor Lynch-Staunton award by the Canadian Council for the Arts. He also co-wrote the score for John Krasinski’s 2009 adaptation of David Foster Wallace’s “Brief Interviews With Hideous Men.”

Ben was honored to work with conductor Kent Nagano in producing a series of concerts for the Festpeil Plus in Munich, Germany.  Since 2008, he has produced a multi-genre performance series at the Broad Stage in Santa Monica, California.  More recently he was just appointed the head of their Jazz and Blues initiative, which will include producing and expanding performance opportunities for these genres in Los Angeles.  As part of this appointment, Ben helped create an artistic council with includes such luminaries as Quincy Jones, Herb Alpert and Luciana Souza.  Recent producer work includes the Grammy nominated album “Life Forum” for pianist Gerald Clayton on Concord Records.

Ben is a recording artist with Sunnyside Records, with two solo albums under his belt, Simple Song (2009) and Frame(2012), a duo project with French-American pianist Dan Tepfer entitled Small Constructions (2013) and a third album planned for release in 2014.

Ben is a former Adjunct Professor of Jazz Studies at USC and current Adjunct at the New School in NYC.  Educational outreach has been a constant in his career with over 250 masterclasses at various colleges, universities, highschools and also previous work with the LA Philharmonic Artist Program.

Ben had the honor of conducting a re-creation of “Bird With Strings” at Jazz At The Lincoln Center with guests Charles McPherson and Wes “Warm Daddy” Anderson.

Visit Ben Wendel’s website…….www.benwendel.com

“Capricornus” is an intense jam in five. The melody is raucous, with complex harmony and rhythms. The first two solos are incredible, by Peralta on piano, and the great saxophonist Zane Musa on alto. Then we have the tenor solo at 4:07. It contrasts the previous playing because it is a little more chilled out, with a warm tone and a controlled aesthetic. This is the one that I love most!

A few notable passages are:

  • A major 7 arpeggio in measures: #10, 14,43-44
  • Chromaticism
    • 10-11 uses Cm, Bm, Db, C
    • 57-59
  • Use of the Messiaen mode (C D# E G Ab B): 4, 35-36, 46
  • Db pentatonic: 24, 37-38, 61-62
  • Extreme altissimo: 14-15, 32-33 (cool cliché), 41-42, 45-46, 51-53
  • Gm7b5 arpeggio: 5, 41

 

Download: Ben Wendel solo on Capricornus- Bb

Download:Ben Wendel solo on Capricornus-C

Doug Rosenberg’s transcriptions #4: John Coltrane solo on “Take the Coltrane” from Duke Ellington and John Coltrane

duke

This is a solo from one of the great albums of all time, a meeting between two giants of American culture. It’s a fast blues and clearly Duke Ellington is not playing in a bebop style. Throughout the entire album, the rhythm sections are varied, and this one features Trane’s bass/drum duo of Jimmy Garrison and Elvin Jones. The mixture of styles is compelling.

This is definitely not sheets of sound. It is also not bebop, although there are certainly elements of bebop in Trane’s playing. This is squarely in the middle period of Coltrane’s career, a few key elements are:

  • Use of unusual chromatic substitutions
  • Heavy use of pentatonic scales
  • Alternate fingerings
  • Lots of triads and wide intervals
  • The saxophone tone seems on the edge of “overblowing,” with a powerful overall volume

There are actually two solos here, the first one is from :47-2:50, measures 1-133. The second is shorter, and occurs from 3:32-4:07, when the recapitulation occurs.

Download SoloJohn Coltrane Take the Coltrane Bb

Download SoloJohn Coltrane Take the Coltrane C

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Doug Rosenberg’s Transcriptions #3: John Coltrane’s solo on “Limehouse Blues”

CB

Similar to “Bye-Ya” and “Someday My Prince Will Come,” this is a solo solidly in the middle period of John Coltrane’s illustrious career, and features another key element to understanding his style: so-called “Coltrane changes.” As the aforementioned “sheets of sound” period is an incredible exploration of the harmonic possibilities of the saxophone, this use of a novel chord substitution is another innovation.
“Coltrane changes” are roughly bVI-VII7-III-V7-I (two chords per bar). The most well-known song to use them is “Giant Steps.” In this solo, CM-Eb7-AbM-B7-EM-G7-Dm-G7 (transposed to Bb) is substituted over the beginning G7, and similar phrases are used when there are 4 bars of a dominant chord.
Why are these there? Because they sound great! Haha. In brief, he was playing with novel sounds that a composer named Olivier Messiaen notably used: the mode of limited transposition using C D# E G Ab B. This could be thought of as three triads a major third apart. Practically, it is just a way of guaranteeing you will sound “out,” a term for playing wrong notes on purpose. It can sound awesome!
At the end of the sheet you’ll notice some Cannonball Adderley passages. I will have more to say about this great artist in later installments. Also, a brief note on the song. “Limehouse Blues” is an old-fashioned song, from the 20’s, and was played by artists like Sidney Bechet back in the day. This version is a late 50’s very fast version of it. It also features long sections of IV7 and II7, which are relatively unusual places for an American song.

Recurring phrases:
Measure #22: a Bm9 arpeggio that is played either ascending or descending
Measure #23: a nice lick on E7
Many implications of Coltrane changes

Download: John Coltrane Limehouse Blues- Bb John Coltrane Limehouse Blues- C

Doug Rosenberg’s Transcriptions #2: John Coltrane solo on “Someday My Prince Will Come”

MDSDMPWC

For the second solo in this series, I have published the sheet music to John Coltrane’s solo from “Someday My Prince Will Come” [SMPWC]. This is a musical situation where you can hear the tumult of the 60’s impose itself on the very last remnants of Eisenhower’s 50’s. The whole album, a Miles Davis classic, is generally subdued, a 5-star classic. Despite its neo-conservatism, it deserves all its popularity for the excellence of playing. It’s swinging, beautiful, sonorous, despite being stylistically regressive. Within the next ten years, Miles Davis would make two huge innovative impacts with his mid-60’s quintet and the electric stylings of his 1967-1975 period.

The two exceptions on this album are the John Coltrane solos. You can plainly hear the built-up passion and raw energy of American culture through these 4 minutes of improvisational high art. The other solo is on the song “Teo.”

Let’s take a deep dive into John Coltrane’s “sheets of sound” period. This can be considered the tail end of this era. “Bya-Ya” is more bebop-rooted than this solo. The solo on SMPWC has a few bebop moments, which we will detail, but i’d say it’s getting close to the more raw, arpeggio-based improvisation style found on recordings such at Live at the Village Vanguard. If early sheets of sounds seem like an attempt to channel passion via virtuosity, this is passion from a less-tightly structured, more ad-hoc style. This split can be heard as a major theme in contemporary jazz improvisors, compare say the melodic vocabulary of Dave Douglas and Wynton Marsalis, Eric Alexander or Mark Turner.

I consider this solo to be mostly lyrical, and the passion can be plainly heard. The tone quality is his most “metallic,” a difficult to describe quality.

A few recurring melodic themes are as follows:

measures #8-10: ascending Dm scale, Db7 or C7alt, C major arpeggio

m#16-18: a typical bebop lick

m#35-45: a “loco” passage, where the notes are difficult to determine

Download: John Coltrane solo on Someday My Prince Will Come